Traffic congestion has been a huge difficulty in metropolitan cities. Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru and Kolkata has been most congested cities in terms of traffic. Running Private cars is the root cause of jam and crowd on roads. Every individual uses their own vehicle for commuting. Due to traffic congestion, the economy has to bear huge costs annually.
According to the survey reports provided by Boston Consultancy Group (BCG), due to peak hours like 7-9am and 5-8pm commuters spend 2 x times in travelling due to jam on roads compared to non-peak hours. On an average, commuters spend 30minutes to 2hours in a day in travelling or driving. Envision the sort of stress and pointless burden the individual is putting on their body. In a country already full of numerous lifestyle-related diseases, the driving and traffic problems is an unnecessary addition. Every day there are new and different reasons for traffic congestion like stagnation of big public transport, non-functioning of a road due to corruption or malfunctioning, Bad road Quality etc.
Reports of the study say, Kolkata is worst out of these four metro cities in terms of traffic congestion problem. Commuters of Kolkata have to face congestion due to poor geometrics, low shares of vehicle and road network, although minibuses are the main mode of transport in Kolkata.
Delhi has a maximum number of registered vehicles, but it still seems to be better as they have good road network and broad roads which is about 12% of total national capital’s area. But Kolkata has only 6% of its total area under road network.
Car-pooling has come up with like a good solution for the problem of traffic congestion on the roads in peak hours. Commuters are more likely to use carpooling from Ola, Uber and taxi for sure and another app-based Cab service has solved the problem of De-congestion as well as free space for car parking. Many incidents happened which questioned the safety of women passengers and liability in case of road accidents; these are very crucial matters which needs to be addressed.
Recently pilot implementation of Odd-Even scheme by CM created a buzz, but the public didn’t accept the scheme. It was developed to make delhi pollution free.
But there are numerous inventive and intriguing solutions suggested by experts, environmentalists and architects. Some of them have been implemented but it will be more helpful if it will be used precisely and to implement appropriately indulges huge cost to the economy with uncertain benefits of an outcome. Solutions provided by the experts and environmentalists keeping an eye on the health of commuters are: